Monday, March 07, 2005

IBJ Opinion on the delay in I-Light deployment

I-Light network delayed by state
Daniels administration calls for further study of high-speed system
By Scott Olson

Click here to connect to the Indianapolis Business Journal.
The completion of a state effort to expand
Indiana’s digital infrastructure by connecting 15 cities via a fiber-optic network has been delayed as the new administration further studies the project.
The initiative, known as I-Light, began in 1999 and connected supercomputers at
Indiana University, Purdue University and IUPUI.
By harnessing the technological power of the institutions into a grid, the universities surpassed the two-teraflop (trillions of operations per second) mark and increased their computation, storage and visualization ability.
The $5.9 million initiative funded by the state was completed in December 2001 and was the first university-owned network of its kind in the country. Now, the second phase of I-Light, or I-Light 2 as it's called is nearly finished. A March completion date had been expected.
The $10 million I-Light 2 would extend the network’s reach to 12 additional communities throughout the state, providing them high-speed Internet access.
The locations are Columbus; the University of Southern Indiana in Evansville; Fort Wayne; Gary; Jeffersonville; IU at Kokomo; Marion; Ball State University in Muncie; Richmond; IU at South Bend; Indiana State University in Terre Haute; and Vincennes University.
But the administration of Gov. Mitch Daniels is exploring the network’s capabilities before approving its completion,” said Chris Cotterill, general counsel for the Indiana Office of Technology.
“We want to ask some new questions and make recommendations to the governor,” he said. “This fiber could be used a number of different ways, and all options are on the table."
State Sen. David Ford,
R-Hartford City, who spearheaded the effort to fund I- Light, voiced his concern about the decision. He wants the network's implementation to remain close to schedule.
“That’s fine to want to keep all options open, but sooner or later, we need to exercise an option." he countered. "I would hope we could get this back on track fairly soon."
State lawmakers approved the $10 million appropriation last session to fund ILight 2 in three stages. The first, connecting the network’s node on the campus of IUPUI downtown to the National LamdaRail infrastructure that runs through
Chicago, is done.
The state received a $3 million grant from the National Science Foundation to connect to the national network. National LambdaRail is an initiative of universities and technology companies to provide a large-scale infrastructure for research and experimentation.
The track runs from
Seattle to New York City down to Jacksonville, Fla., and back across the country to San Diego and reconnecting at Seattle.
The second phase entails securing the fiber to connect the 12 cities to the state’s network. Rather than lay the fiber, which was done under the original I-Light program that linked the three campuses, the state purchased dormant fiber-optic cables. Known as “dark” fiber, the unused cables were laid by companies looking to capitalize on the technology boom.
Much of the fiber has been secured through a long-term lease with Indiana Fiberworks, a subsidiary of Connecticut based GE Capital Corp. Negotiations for the remaining fiber continue with Level 3 Communications Inc. in
The ongoing discussions, coupled with the cost to “light” the network, also have contributed to the delay, said Dave King, executive director of the Indiana Higher Education Telecommunications System on
Senate Avenue. IHETS—which was formed in 1967 and oversees the Indiana Telecommunications Network that reaches schools, libraries and state agencies—is developing the I-Light network.
Another request for proposals has been distributed in an attempt to get the cost to “light” the network and complete I-Light 2 under the $10 million appropriation. Once the project is finished, which King hopes now will be midyear, the older ITN system will begin to be replaced by the newer and more powerful I-Light network.
King said he’s aware of the administration’s position to want to further study the project before it’s completed.
“That’s certainly the message we’re getting [from state officials],” he said. “That’s the safest thing for them to say at this point. They’re just getting their feet on the ground.”
ITN users generate $21 million in annual revenue to the state, $10 million of which is spent on contracts with telephone companies to gain access to their infrastructure. I-Light users will pay an annual membership fee, yet to be determined, and a cost to hook up to the system, depending upon how much bandwidth they use, King said.
Brian Voss, IU’s associate vice president of information technologies for telecommunications, is confident the project will come to fruition. The system has produced “great results” for IU and the other two campuses, and should extend the benefits across the state, he said.
“We feel the development of the regional optical networks is critical for the state to remain competitive among a broad variety of areas,” Voss said. “What we have now is a slight hitch in processes.”
Supporters say the improved connectivity could attract companies looking to tap into a system capable of high-speed data transfers and real-time videoconferencing.
With access to the National LambdaRail infrastructure, King already has participated in videoconferences originating in
Honduras and Mexico.
“This blue line gets me to
Chicago,” said King, pointing to a map of the state’s network, “and the second stage gets me to the world.”
Cotterill, the administration’s lawyer, said the network must make business sense before it can move forward and needs to be more than just a “cool idea.”
Ford, meanwhile, has introduced legislation this session, Senate Bill 381, that could use $5 million in the current budget request to broaden I-Light’s scope even more. The bill would allow network developers to build wireless transmitters at each of the 15 I-Light node sites to expand the reach 30 miles in every direction. The state would almost be blanketed with broadband access, giving residents in rural areas the opportunity they might otherwise not have to receive high-speed Internet service, Ford said.
The major telephone companies, such as SBC Indiana, oppose the legislation, Ford said, because they think the expanded network would tread on their turf. SBC Indiana already has introduced its digital-subscriber line service to several cities throughout the state. SBC and its competitors are profiting from the arrangement, though, because the state is leasing their equipment to make the hookups, Ford said.
John Koppin, president of the industry’s trade group, the Indiana Telecommunications Association, said he has voiced his concerns about I-Light to the administration and is troubled by some of the language in Ford’s bill.
“While I-Light 2 was sold as a network for high-level research for academic activity, which we still weren’t keen on, because we felt the private sector should be the provider of that service, we sort of bit our tongue and went along with it,” Koppin said. “Now, an effort to expand that into other valuable markets for the industry has us very concerned.”
Ford summed up the importance of ILight’s completion this way: “The reputation of
Indiana, especially for economic development, depends on it.”


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hypnosis said...

Visualization is a tool that has been used for thousands of years by initiates of all the metaphysical schools. Today, it is incorporated into top athlete's daily routines and is used in business affairs frequently. It's use is wide-spread among highly successful people, either consciously or unconsciously, aware of its create power. So if it has stood the test of time and is still being used by high achievers we must come to the conclusion that it works! But has it ever worked for you?

If you answered 'yes' to the above question then you know how powerful this technique can be. If, on the other hand, you gave the more likely answer 'no' then take heart for I am about to reveal to you a sure fire way of reaching your objectives through this mostly misunderstood art.

The trouble with visualization is simple - its in its name!

When studying and contemplating the art of visualization most people have the impression that they must create visual images and make them real or life-like. Many people, in fact the majority, find this almost impossible to do. Even if they can formulate a solid picture of their objective they find it extremely difficult to sustain the image for any length of time. Either the image fades, changes or other intruding thoughts intervene.

This type of visualization is almost impossible to sustain and luckily it is not at all necessary. Why? Because it is in the subconscious mind that your visualization needs to be placed and there is good news. The subconscious mind does not know the difference between an imaginary event and a real one. Your visual image only needs to be a strong visually as any other imagined event. However, that is only half the story.

If all you had to do was just imagine stuff and your world automatically changed to reflect your imaginings this world would be full of chaos (not to mention all those creepy crawly bug-eyed monsters!). Therefore, there are a few more steps to complete before the visualization is passed to the subconscious for manifestation.

Let's try a little experiment. Remember a scene from your past that has a lot of good feelings around it. Any good memory will do, like the first time you heard the words "I love you" from your partner, an amazingly spectacular sunset, a great holiday event or your last birthday. Pick one and remember it. How clear is the image? Can you remember any sounds? What way did you feel? Is there any sense of touch, taste or smell? Identify how your memory works. Is it mostly visual, auditory, kinaesthetic or of a feeling nature?

Now we are going to create an imagined event in our lives that has the same strength and potency as that image. So relax and let's go.

Imagine something that you do everyday, something that you did yesterday, today and will do tomorrow. Let us take the example of waking up tomorrow morning. Don't try to add or take anything away, just think about it and analyse the scene. Is it dark or light? Are you lying next to someone in bed? Do you still feel tired? Has the alarm clock sounded? Are you irritable that you have to get up or full of joy at the dawn of a new day?

You will find that the imagined event is very similar to the memory with probably one key difference - your point of perspective. Is the memory behind you and the future event in front of you? Is one to the left and one to the right? Maybe they are both in front of you or the future seems to move in a clockwise direction. Whatever the perspective the thing to notice is that they are very similar in appearance.

Now imagine doing your future event a week from now, then a month from now, then six months from now. Where are those images placed? Are they moving further away, going clockwise, from left to right? This is your time-line and using it is important in visualization as you will see later.

Ok, let's imagine something that is very unlikely to happen and see where it differs from the last image.

Imagine you are sitting somewhere familiar which is extremely comfortable and relaxing to you. Now imagine that a person you know well comes up to where you are and says "hello". Imagine them telling you that they want to show you a new trick. All of a sudden they have three juggling balls. They throw them in the air and begin to juggle with ease. Then they begin to whistle one of your favourite tunes. You suddenly realize that there is a strong smell of flowers in the room and notice a vase of them just behind the juggler. Imagine laughing loudly at the scene and feeling joyful at the experience. Then the person juggling leans forward stands on leg and puts the other leg outstretched behind them. All the while still juggling and whistling. Then they begin to hop on their leg as a small bird flies over to perch on their head. Once you have the imagined event and stayed with it a few moments just let it fade.

Ok open your eyes. What was the difference between the two images? Can you spot any? Did you use more, less or roughly the same senses in your fantasy event as you did in the future one? Did you see them from different angles? Was the picture bigger in one than the other? Was the sound clearer, the feelings more acute or the smell stronger? Take some time and go back to each scene in your mind. How does the future event differ from the fantasy one? Are you looking at both from a different vantage point? Do you see yourself in the image of one but not the other? Analyse the scenes and see where they differ.

Have you identified how the future event differs from the fantasy one? If you have then its time to make visualization work for you! Take a goal that you have been working on or would like to achieve. Nothing too far-fetched at this point please! Pick something that is possible but at the moment seems a little impractical. Once you have it form a mental image of what it would be like to have, be or do that thing or be in that experience. Remember to form it the same way you do a memory. Give it the same strength visually, in sound, feeling, taste and touch - use your mind in its natural state. All you have to do is imagine the scene.

Ok how does it differ from the scene of waking in the morning? Can you identify the differences in perspective, sound, taste, touch, feelings and what you hear?

Now there will be one other key thing that differs in the images- it is very simple but often overlooked. You know that the future event is going to happen! This is reflected in the way we experience the image. So what we are going to do is fool your subconscious mind into thinking your goal is definitely going to happen by manipulating your goal image!

Once you know what the differences are in each image begin to change the goal image so that it is seen the same way as the future event in your imagination. Place the visualized scene in exactly the same position with the same perspective as your future event.

Place it in the correct position on your time-line. You may already begin to feel that the goal is more possible. Visualise in this way everyday and you will condition your subconscious mind to manifest the experiences necessary to make your goal attainment certain.

One more thing to remember: During the day think about your goal often. This reinforces the visualization and will begin to dispel doubt from your mind. personal development plan

mario said...

When we are born our brains are like empty computers waiting to be fed information. As we grow our peers act as our programmers, they supply us with the knowledge which we channel through the conscious mind into the subconscious (our hard drive). The subconscious mind is the biggest hard drive ever developed - it stores everything we come in contact with and by no means is all of this information of a positive nature.
All that we have heard, touched, smelt, tasted and seen are stored in the recesses of our minds. The subconscious mind holds on to this information until we need to recall it. For example when you were young your curiosity lead you to investigate your surroundings. When you approached a substance that was dangerous, such as fire, your parents or guardians would most likely have rebuked or scolded you if you ventured too near the flame. Perhaps you may even recall an incident when you were physically burned. Your subconscious mind then began to relate scolding (or pain) with the intense heat of the fire and would therefore feed the feelings of the scolding incident back to you whenever you got too close to fire again, thus acting as an early warning system.
This is the mechanism used by our brains to learn. It is also the same method employed by the mind in every situation. The subconscious mind has a tendency to emulate what it sees - it tends to replicate its environment. This is why so many people find themselves in similar relationships and situations that they saw their parents in while they were growing up. Most people also hold very strongly or similar views of their parents.
Think of a time when you gave yourself praise. What words did you use? Do you use the same words that your parents or peers used when they were praising you? The same is applicable when you scold yourself.

Watch your internal dialogue. Look at it closely. It takes diligence to change the way you think. When you notice yourself thinking a negative chose to think the opposite. This way you neutralise the negative thought. Now the think the positive thought again! You have just reversed the negative thinking in that moment and remember you only have this moment. No other time exists!
Daydream about what might be. Imagine things they way you wish them to be. If you catch yourself thinking "this is just a daydream - a fantasy" then stop! Think the opposite. It is not a daydream it is your reality. Now think it again.

By doing this simple procedure you will begin to retrain your subconscious mind to think positively and you will ultimately begin to consciously create a life that dreams are made of! personal development plan